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The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has set its sights on the Shukrayaan-1 mission after the successful launches of Chandrayaan-3 and Aditya-L1.

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ISRO has set its sights on the Shukrayaan-1 mission after the successful launches of Chandrayaan-3 and Aditya-L1. The Shukrayaan-1 mission is India’s first mission to Venus, and it is scheduled to launch in December 2024.

The mission’s primary objective is to study Venus’s atmosphere and surface, including its geological composition, atmospheric dynamics, and ionosphere. The orbiter will carry a suite of instruments to study Venus from orbit, including a high-resolution camera, a synthetic aperture radar, and a near-infrared spectrometer.

The Shukrayaan-1 mission is a significant undertaking, as Venus is a very hostile planet. The surface temperature of Venus is over 400 degrees Celsius, and the atmosphere is extremely thick and acidic. However, ISRO is confident that the mission will be successful, and that it will provide valuable insights into the planet.

The Shukrayaan-1 mission is also important for India’s space program. It will demonstrate India’s ability to send missions to other planets in the solar system, and it will help to boost India’s global standing as a spacefaring nation.

The Shukrayaan-1 mission is a significant undertaking for a number of reasons. First, Venus is a very hostile planet, with extreme temperatures and a thick, acidic atmosphere. This makes it challenging to design and build spacecraft that can survive and operate on Venus.

Second, the Shukrayaan-1 mission is India’s first mission to Venus. This is a major milestone for the Indian space program, and it demonstrates India’s growing capabilities in space exploration.

Third, the Shukrayaan-1 mission has the potential to make significant scientific discoveries about Venus. Venus is a very mysterious planet, and we still have a lot to learn about its atmosphere, surface, and geology. The Shukrayaan-1 mission could help to answer some of the most fundamental questions about Venus, such as how it formed and evolved, and whether it was ever habitable.

Here are some specific examples of the scientific discoveries that the Shukrayaan-1 mission could make:

  • The mission could help to determine the precise composition of Venus’s atmosphere, including the presence of any trace gases. This information could help us to understand how Venus’s atmosphere formed and evolved, and whether it was ever habitable.
  • The mission could also help to study Venus’s surface and geology in more detail. This information could help us to understand how Venus formed and evolved, and whether it is still geologically active today.
  • The mission could also help to study Venus’s ionosphere and how it interacts with the solar wind. This information could help us to understand how Venus protects itself from the harmful effects of the solar wind.

Overall, the Shukrayaan-1 mission is a very exciting and ambitious mission. It has the potential to make significant scientific discoveries about Venus and to advance our understanding of this mysterious planet.

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